Niger River Delta, Nigeria

Niger River Delta, Nigeria

Site Name: Niger River Delta, Nigeria

 

Pollutant: Petroleum

 

Population Affected: There is currently disagreement among experts and further investigation is required.

 

Site Description:

The Niger River Delta is a densely populated region that extends over 70,000 km2 and makes up nearly 8% of Nigeria’s land mass. It is heavily polluted by crude oil, as it was the site of major petroleum operations for decades. Between 1976 and 2001, there were nearly 7,000 incidents involving oil spills, according to the Department of Petroleum Resources. This includes millions of barrels of oil that were spilled into the Niger River, of which more than 70% was never recovered. Groundwater and soil have been heavily polluted in the process, which has also devastated aquatic and agricultural communities.

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